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Germany is a land of history and culture spanning over 1,000 years and significantly influencing the rest of the world. With a total of 46 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany, there are 43 cultural sites and 3 natural sites in the country. Additionally, there are 12 tentative sites on Germany’s list. Here are some of the must-see UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany!
Table of Contents
- Hamburg – Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District
- Würzburg – Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
- The Wadden Sea
- Essen – Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex
- Bayreuth – Margravial Opera House
- Aachen – Aachen Cathedral
- Schleswig – Archaeological Border Complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke
- Goslar – Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of Goslar
- Speyer – Speyer Cathedral
- Bamberg – Town of Bamberg
- Lübeck – Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Regensburg – Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof
- Weimar – Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau
- Berlin – Museum Island
- Quedlinburg – Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg
- Cologne – Cologne Cathedral
- Potsdam – Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin
- Upper Middle Rhine Valley
- Bremen – Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen
- Weimar – Classical Weimar
- Trier – Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter, and Church of Our Lady in Trier
- Tentative UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany
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Hamburg – Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District
The Speicherstadt in Hamburg is one of the largest warehouse districts in the world and still handles one-third of the world’s carpet production, cocoa, coffee, tea, spices, maritime equipment, and electronic goods. In 2015, the Speicherstadt and adjacent Kontorhaus District became the first location in Hamburg to be awarded a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany.
Built starting in 1883, the Speicherstadt is a maze of canals and bridges that are still utilized today. As a free zone, this area was exempt from paying customs – even after Hamburg joined a united Germany in the 1870s. In the early 2000s, the Speicherstadt was removed as part of this customs-free area. The Speicherstadt is now part of the HafenCity, Hamburg’s newest area of the city.
While the Speicherstadt is still used as a traditional warehouse district, it is also home to museums, shows, and more corporate offices. In particular, make sure not to miss Miniatur Wunderland (largest model railway in the world), Speicherstadt Kaffeerösterei (coffee roastery), Spicy’s Gewürzmuseum, and the world-class Elbphilharmonie!
Würzburg – Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
Würzburg is filled with many historically important buildings but only one is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany. The Residence Palace in Würzburg’s city center is the former seat of the Prince-Bishops and one of the most important examples of Baroque architecture in the whole of Europe. The bishops originally lived in the center of Würzburg but the growing number of political and social disputes between them and the surrounding inhabitants meant that it was safer for them to move to the defended Marienberg Fortress. From there, they could keep a beady eye on the happenings down below on the other side of the river.
By the 18th century, the troubles had died down and the Prince-Bishops felt safe enough to swap the security of a fortress for the luxuries of a modern town palace. It took sixty years to complete the palace and, ironically, it lasted in the hands of the Prince Bishops for only a few more decades. The buildings were then owned by the Bavarian state government, which used them as a palace for the Kings of Bavaria on several occasions. In the 20th century, the Residence was severely damaged by a bombing raid in 1945 which destroyed much of the city. Restoration work from this damage wasn’t fully completed until 1987.
Visitors can tour the formal court gardens as well as the baroque interior rooms and state halls, with massive frescoes from the famous Venetian painter Tiepolo.
Contributed by Steve from Romantic Road Germany
The Wadden Sea
The Wadden Sea is one of the natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany. It spans from Denmark, along the Germany North Sea coast, and down to the Netherlands. Conservation efforts of this area started 100 years ago and it officially became Germany’s third national park in 1985.
Defined as the largest unbroken area of mudflats in the world, the Wadden Sea is almost 70% permanently underwater. The dry land aspect runs along the coastline, although this area can still be covered with water during high tide. Besides the interesting ecological features, the Wadden Sea is home to unique plants and animals including eelgrass, salt marshes, porpoises, seals, mussels, crabs, white-tailed eagles, and flocks of migrating birds.
If you would like to explore the mudflats, I highly recommend going on a guided excursion. There are great options from the island of Sylt in Northern Germany. The tides in this region are fast-changing and quite drastic, and there are parts of the mudflats that should not be visited due to conservation efforts. It’s important to go with someone who understands the Wadden Sea and its ecosystem!
Essen – Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex
Zeche Zollverein in Essen is an unusual UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany While it has an extraordinary history, it might not be the prettiest UNESCO site. However, it has been named the most beautiful coal mine in the world.
Zeche Zollverein is a former coal mine and coking (fuel) plant that was once one of the largest in Europe. Initially opened by a local entrepreneur in 1851, the industrial complex played a significant role in bringing wealth to the region. From 1852 until its closure in 1986, Zeche Zollverein employed more than 600,000 people! These days, the buildings house a museum, and visitors can come here to learn more about the mine and the region. The Ruhr area is the largest urban area in Germany with more than 5 million people living there. Coal mining significantly helped its growth during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Visiting the Zeche Zollverein is free but the highlight is joining a paid guided tour. These tours will take you into multiple buildings and give you an idea of how both the mine and the coking plant worked. Plus, walking through the enormous empty halls makes you realize the sheer size of this complex! After your tour, don’t miss out on the viewpoint at the top of the visitor center. If you watch out, you can spot many more mines and industrial buildings on the horizon, which were once closely interlinked with Zeche Zollverein.
Contributed by Daniel and Ilona from Top Travel Sights
Bayreuth – Margravial Opera House
The Margravial Opera House is a Baroque-style opera house in Bayreuth. Added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 2012, its unique design and historical significance are found in very few others theaters in Europe. Originally built in the mid-1700s, it is one of the only theaters in Europe to survive from this time period. Additionally, to preserve its interior, the Margravial Opera House underwent a huge restoration and refurbishment from 2012 to 2018.
The Margravial Opera House is best known for being connected to Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia. She established the Margravial theater company in 1737 and worked as a composer, actor, and director in the opera house. After her death, the opera house went into disuse and wasn’t used again until 100 years later, when it attracted the attention of Richard Wagner. He used the Margravial Opera House as the location of many performances.
The Margravial Opera House is known for its intricate and detailed interior. It’s mainly a wooden interior with gold detailing. Everything in the opera house is original except for the stage curtain that was stolen by Napoleon’s troops.
If possible, take a tour of the Margravial Opera House as Princess Wilhelmine herself gives tourists a sound-and-light presentation.
Aachen – Aachen Cathedral
One of the most magnificent UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany is the Aachen Cathedral. While it was originally built in the late 8th century, it has since been rebuilt and expanded a few times. It is one of the oldest cathedrals in Europe and was one of the original UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany.
The initial cathedral was constructed by Emperor Charlemagne (Charles the Great), King of the Franks and he was later buried there. For over 600 years, the Palatine Chapel (the oldest part of the Aachen Cathedral), saw the coronation of 31 German kings and 12 German queens.
The cathedral is a combination of 3 different architectural styles – Romanesque, Gothic, and Ottonian. Most of the marble used was taken from Ravenna and Rome. The cathedral treasury has a collection of liturgical objects spanning several centuries and includes the Cross of Lothair, Bust of Charlemagne, and the Persephone sarcophagus. Pilgrims flock to the cathedral every seven years to see these relics on display.
The most notable features of the Aachen Cathedral include the Octagon – Palatine Chapel, Westwork (western facade), Choir, 5 side chapels, Throne of Charlemagne, and Barbarossa chandelier.
Contributed by Džangir from Dr Jam Travels
Schleswig – Archaeological Border Complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke
Located near the city of Schleswig in the Northern Germany state of Schleswig-Holstein, the Archaeological Border Complex of Hedeby and the Danevirke was one of the earliest medieval cities and fortifications. It was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 2018, making it one of the newest places in Germany to earn this distinction.
Hedeby is a Viking settlement on the Jutland Peninsula in Northern Germany. A region that has frequently switched between Germany and Denmark, the archaeological site of Hedeby was a bustling Viking town between the 8th and 11th centuries (the second-largest town in Northern Europe). While visitors described Hedeby as barbaric and unrefined, the town played an important role in the transportation pf goods and people throughout Europe. The settlement was located on the Schlei, an inlet that connects to the Baltic Sea. Additionally, Hedeby was close to the Treene River, which flows into the Eider River and the North Sea.
After Hedeby was destroyed by the West Slavs in 1066, it was abandoned and slowly disappeared due to rising sea levels. It was rediscovered and excavated in the 20th center. You can now visit the museum and the recreated village along the water’s edge.
The Danevirke was a system of Danish fortifications near Hedeby. Developed during the same time period as Hedeby, these fortifications included moats, sea walls, and medieval walls. It was expanded over the centuries and last used for defensive/military purposes in the 1860s. You can now walk on and along these old fortifications.
Goslar – Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of Goslar
Goslar is still a relatively unknown destination in Germany even though the old town seems to be out of a German fairytale book. Anyone who strolls through the winding streets will be enchanted by its medieval charm and idyllic half-timbered houses.
Therefore, it is hardly surprising that the town on the edge of the Harz Mountains has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany since 1992. Goslar owes this distinction to its mine, the Rammelsberg. Ore was mined here as early as the Middle Ages and created great wealth for the small town. This wealth ensured the expansion of the Imperial Palace in the city center, which served as a summer residence for many German emperors.
The rest of Goslar is also really impressive. Many of the buildings here are already several hundred years old. Walking through the city center, you almost feel transported back to past centuries.
Today, the medieval town Goslar is a perfect day trip or travel destination in the northern part of Germany to take great photos, relax a bit, and learn more about the exciting history of the city and the region. Goslar is also great for active vacations because, with its proximity to the Harz Mountains, it is perfect for skiers, hikers, and mountain bikers.
Contributed by Vicki from Vicki Viaja
Speyer – Speyer Cathedral
Construction on the Speyer Cathedral started around 1,000 years ago and it became one of the most prominent Romanesque monuments from the time of the Holy Roman Empire. It was established by Conrad II, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Germany, but has undergone multiple renovations in the last millennium. The Speyer Cathedral was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1981.
The Speyer Cathedral is the biggest Romanesque church in the world and is the burial site of several German emperors and kings including those from the Salian, Staufer, and Habsburg dynasties. The cathedral is the first known one to be built with a gallery that surrounds the main structure.
Besides its architectural details and symmetry, the Speyer Cathedral is known for its artwork, crypt, various chapels, and 9 bells. It’s worth attending a service and exploring this grand structure.
Bamberg – Town of Bamberg
The city of Bamberg, located in northern Bavaria, was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1993 due to its beautiful architecture and unique medieval layout. In the 18th century, Bamberg was a center for enlightenment in Germany with many philosophers and poets living in the area. In the 11th century, Henry II, the King of Germany at the time, even described Bamberg as a “second Rome”. Bamberg is often praised for its stunning historic architecture as well as its layout, which integrates agricultural elements and the nearby river.
Bamberg is a fantastic place to visit for a weekend and a favorite among both local and international tourists. Go for a walk through the narrow cobblestone streets and have a beer in a traditional German beer cellar. There are plenty of little restaurants and shops to choose from for a quick lunch and some souvenir shopping. Make sure to visit the Bamberg Cathedral, the Old Court, and the history museum to learn more about this city’s fascinating history. The Michelsberg Monastery, located high on a hill overlooking the city, offers fantastic views and is another must-see attraction. Bamberg has a lot to offer and should be at the top of your list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany.
Contributed by Victoria from Guide your Travel
Lübeck – Hanseatic City of Lübeck
The city of Lübeck was the former capital city of the Hanseatic League, a commercial and defensive confederation of the most prominent and important cities along the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. While this confederation waned from power around 1500, Lübeck continues to be an important source of commerce and trade along the Baltic Sea.
Established as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1987 due to its architectural remains, the city was heavily bombed during World War II (one-fifth was destroyed). However, the old city and its important structures remained relatively unharmed. The most well-known structure in the city is the Holsten Gate, a Brick Gothic gate from the 15th century that is the entrance to the old part of the city. The skyline of Lübeck is dominated by 5 churches – St. Mary’s Church, St. Giles’ Church, St. Peter’s Church, St. Jacob’s Church, and the Lübeck Cathedral.
The old city of Lübeck is lined with historic buildings and cobblestone streets. During December, the city is host to an adorable Christmas market. Additionally, the world-famous Lübeck Marzipan should not be missed when visiting the city!
Regensburg – Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof
One of the prettiest UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany is the Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof. Impressive buildings, historical squares and markets, and an iconic 12th century Old Stone Bridge make Regensburg one of the best places to visit in Bavaria.
Believed to be the northernmost city of the Roman Empire, Regensburg has always been a thriving trade and cultural center, especially in the Middle Ages. It is also one of the best-preserved medieval cities in Germany.
The historic center of Regensburg boasts of more than 1,500 magnificent buildings in Roman, Romanesque, and Gothic styles. St. Peter’s Cathedral, the Old Town Hall, medieval patrician houses, and a historic corn market are some of the most notable ones.
However, what steals the limelight is the Old Stone Bridge, an architectural masterpiece from the 12th century. For a very long time, it was the city’s only bridge to cross River Danube and the only pathway for busy merchants to carry out business.
Today, Steinerne Brücke or the Stone Bridge is a great place to hang out with friends and family. It provides some of the best views of the old town! Right by the bridge is Historische Wurstküche, the world’s oldest sausage kitchen that has been serving delicious sausages for more than 900 years now!
Contributed by Soumya from Stories by Soumya
Weimar – Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau
Founded over 100 years ago, the Bauhaus movement was one of the most influential art schools of the 20th century. From 1919 to 1933, it revolutionized architectural and aesthetic thinking and practice and heavily influenced Classical Modernism. Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau, and Bernau were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1996.
Although the Bauhaus movement was short-lived due to the Third Reich, the school changed locations 3 times – from 1919 to 1925, it was located in Weimar; from 1925 to 1932, it was located in Dessau; and from 1932 to 1933, it was located in Berlin.
The Bauhaus ideology influenced everything from style, architecture, modern design, education, crafts, fine arts, typography, graphic design, industrial design, and everything in between! It continues to be an important part of Germany’s art history.
Berlin – Museum Island
Berlin is one of the most historically and culturally significant cities in the world. In the heart of the city, you can find a collection of five museums that are among the most important in Europe – the Altes Museum, the Neues Museum, the Alte Nationalgalerie, the Bode Museum, and the Pergamon Museum. These five museums make up a complex known as Museum Island and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany.
Construction on the five museums began in 1824 and took over a century to complete, with construction ending in 1930. The wide timeline of construction can be seen in the varying architectural styles of each museum. The Altes Museum, built first, is a work of Neoclassical architecture that was popular in the 18th and early 19th-century. On the other hand, the Pergamon Museum, the most recent of the five museums, is an example of 20th-century Stripped Classicism. Museum Island was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999 due to its illustration of the evolution of museum design over time, not to mention the cultural significance of the works held within the museums.
In addition to the five museums, Museum Island is also home to the Berlin Cathedral. Here you can climb to the top of the cathedral’s dome for a wonderful view of Museum Island and the rest of Berlin – make sure to add it to your Berlin itinerary.
Contributed by Sydney from A World in Reach
Quedlinburg – Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg
Located in the Harz Mountains, the old town of Quedlinburg is lined with traditional half-timbered houses. In 1994, the old town, the Collegiate Church of St. Servatius, and the castle were all named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany for the preservation of this medieval city. In the late 800s, Henry I, the first German King from the Saxonian dynasty, established the royal residence in Quedlinburg. The city has played a significant role in the German empire for over 1,000 years.
One of the best examples of Middle Age history, the town of Quedlinburg has been relatively untouched in the past millennium. It managed to avoid any destruction or bombing during World War II. After World War II, the town was zoned into East Germany. The Soviet Union had Polish restoration experts help preserve the half-timbered houses of the old town.
Besides the half-timbered houses of the old town, the most impressive structure in Quedlinburg is the Romanesque castle on the hill and the next-door Collegiate Church of St. Servatius. The structures form a breathtaking impression of the city.
Cologne – Cologne Cathedral
A visit to Germany isn’t complete without visiting Cologne to see the skyline-dominating Kölner Dom (English: Cologne Cathedral). There’s something invigorating about sitting along the Rhein River with the towering cathedral in the distance as you pass a round of refreshing local beer from the Kölschkranz (beer wreath) to your friends. It makes you feel both grounded in the moment and part of Germany’s long history.
The cathedral’s construction began in 1248 and spanned seven centuries, a true testament to Christianity in Germany. Through the years, the cathedral has been expanded and reconstructed, including after the war, but the original design was always forefront, a mark of genuine authenticity. Of course, you must go and see the cathedral in person, and not just from the riverside. The cathedral is easily one of the most impressive High Gothic architecture works. Standing in the entrance, one must crank their neck to see the tops of the two largest towers. The intricate design requires dedicated eyes to observe the details carved into the doors. Stepping inside is similar to entering a living museum. The high altar, likely the oldest in any Christian church, is a black limestone slab dating back to the early 1300s. Other notable historical features are the oak choir stalls, the Gero Crucifix, massive ornate stained-glass windows, and the tombs of 12 archbishops.
The Cologne Cathedral was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1996 for being an exceptional work of human creativity and its long-standing history. Seeing it for the first time is awe-inspiring and a must-see for any German itinerary.
Contributed by Susanna from Curiosity Saves Travel
Potsdam – Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin
The palaces and parks of Potsdam and Berlin encompass over 1,200 acres of land and 150 buildings constructed in the past 400 years. While this was originally declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1990, it was expanded to include more land and buildings in 1992 and 1999. The land and buildings were particularly noted for their historic unity of its landscape, as well as its uniqueness.
These are some of the most well-known buildings included in this UNESCO World Heritage Site:
- Sanssouci – the palace and garden built by Frederick the Great to rival the French Versailles
- Orangery Palace – located within Sanssouci
- Babelsberg Palace – the summer residence of German Emperor Wilhelm I
- Glienicke Palace – designed for Prince Carl of Prussia
- Jagdschloss Glienicke – hunting lodge near Glienicke Palace
- Cecilienhof Palace – built by German Emperor Wilhelm II for his son Crown Prince Wilhelm. It’s most famous for being the location of the Potsdam Conference after World War II
- Church of the Redeemer – built in the mid-1800s by King Frederick William IV of Prussia
- Bornstedt – a borough of Potsdam known for Bornstedt Crown Estate, home to Queen Victoria’s oldest daughter Princess Royal Victoria
- Belvedere on the Pfingstberg – a large viewing structure on the summit of Pfingstberg hill
- Lindenallee – one of the main avenues of Potsdam lined with Linden trees
Besides the architectural structures of Potsdam, many of the palace gardens and other natural features such as lakes and parks of the surrounding region are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Upper Middle Rhine Valley
The Upper Middle Rhine Valley, or the Rhine Gorge as it is often called, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany for geological, industrial, historical, and cultural reasons.
For 40 miles between Koblenz and Bingen, the Rhine River cuts through steep hills on both sides. The gorge creates its own microclimate that is perfect for growing wine-producing grapes, and the hills have been covered in tiny terraced vineyards for centuries. It has changed little over time and is still one of Germany’s premier wine-producing regions.
The river has been a major transportation route for thousands of years and helped create an exchange of people, goods, and culture between the Mediterranean area to the south and the Nordic region to the north.
There are over 60 settlements along the valley, many of which started hundreds of years ago, and over forty castles and fortresses perched in the hills and even on an island in the river. Many of these castles, built over the course of a thousand years, are in ruins though several have been restored. They are one of the main reasons for tourism in the area today and can be best seen on a river cruise down the Rhine. Some are also open for tours and a few have been converted into hotels.
The castles and the valley have been featured prominently in German culture over the years, from the famed Lorelei Rock immortalized in poetry to operas such as Götterdämmerung.
Contributed by James from Travel Collecting
Bremen – Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen
A beautiful UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany is in Bremen. While there are two in Bremen, we’re only going to focus on the most “beautiful town hall in Germany”: the Town Hall of Bremen.
The Bremen Town Hall (in German: Rathaus) is located on the market square right in the heart of Bremen and is one of the most prominent sights. It consists of two adjacent buildings – the Old Town Hall that was built in the early 15th century and the new building that was erected in the early 20th century.
In 2004, the Town Hall was officially named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany. The town hall is still a place where politics “happens” – and this has been the case for more than 600 years. Not only is it the seat of the President of the Senate and Mayor of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, but it is also a place where events take place (e.g. if the football Werder Bremen wins the championship). In total, the Bremen Town Hall hosts about 500 events annually.
If you admire it from the outside, pay close attention to the details – it looks stunning! You can also do a guided tour and visit the Upper Town Hall and the Golden Chamber. Guided tours are available at fixed times so booking a tour in advance is highly recommended. Inside the Town Hall is also the famous wine cellar which holds a restaurant as well as large storage of the best German wines (in German: der Ratskeller).
The Bremen Town Hall is great to visit because you can also combine it with more sightseeing in Bremen. Make sure to also visit places like the Schnoor (old part), the Schlachte (a promenade at the water with many restaurants), and explore the beauty of Bremen.
Contributed by Arzo from Arzo Travels
Weimar – Classical Weimar
Unlike the Bauhaus movement in Weimar from a previous entry above, the classical features of Weimar were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1998. As a cultural center of Germany in the 18th and 19th centuries, Weimar hosted many famous German authors and artists including Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, and Johann Gottfried Herder. Heavily influenced by Duchess Anna Amalia, she helped transform the city into an enlightened epicenter.
This UNESCO Heritage Site includes several buildings throughout the city including:
- Goethe’s House and Garden House
- Schiller’s House
- Church of St. Peter und Paul, also known as the Herder Church
- Weimar Palace
- The Dowager’s Palace
- Duchess Anna Amalia Library
- The Belvedere Palace and Orangery
- Park on the Ilm, a massive park in the center of the city
- Tiefurt House and Park
- Historic Cemetery with Princes’ Tomb
- Ettersburg Castle and Park
These buildings and structures all directly relate to Weimar Classicism, a German literary and cultural movement influenced by Romanticism, Classicism, and the Age of Enlightenment. It’s important to note that this movement was also inclusive of female writers and artists. Step back in time by walking around these historical sites in Weimar.
Trier – Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter, and Church of Our Lady in Trier
Trier is a city close to Germany’s western border with Luxembourg and set in the wine-growing Moselle region. By some accounts, it is Germany’s oldest city, with an inscription in the city claiming that it existed 1,300 years before Rome itself. Augusta Treverorum, as it was known then, would become an important capital of the Roman Empire. While living in Trier, Constantine I expanded and fortified the city during his reign. The Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter, and Church of Our Lady in Trier were added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany in 1986. The listed landmarks around the city are:
- Barbara Baths
- Church of Our Lady
- Constantine Basilica
- Igel Column
- Imperial Baths
- Moselle Bridge
- Porta Nigra
- Trier Amphitheatre
- Trier Cathedral
These are some of the finest Roman ruins north of the Alps, and once you get off the train (it is a 1-hour ride from Luxembourg and a 3-hour train ride from Cologne), it is only a short walk to the Porta Nigra, the large Roman city gate. Most of the above-mentioned landmarks are no more than half an hour apart on foot. To this day, construction works still uncover ancient ruins in the middle of the old city, underscoring its importance in antiquity. Besides these, other attractions in Trier worth checking out include the house where Karl Marx was born, Christian relics in St. Peter Cathedral including the seamless robe of Jesus Christ (Holy Robe), and sampling the wine from the surrounding vineyards.
Contributed by Nicholas from Rambling Feet
Tentative UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany
Besides the above UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Germany, there are 12 tentative sites. These sites have been nominated but haven’t yet officially been declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites by the UN. The most notable sites on this list include Heidelberg Castle, Schwerin Castle, the Jewish Cemetery in Altona (Hamburg), the castles of King Ludwig II of Bavaria (including Neuschwanstein Castle), and Luther’s memorials in Central Germany.